Military campaigns of the Civil War were fought west of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, even further west than Texas. Few recognize the significance of the struggle that extended into the Western Territories and to California. Confederate leaders had plans to create a corridor from the Rio Grande to the Pacific coast and south into Northern Mexico. Their far range plans included a sympathetic Spanish speaking population and Western Indian Tribes that would aid their cause directly or indirectly in establishing those goals and defeating Union forces along the way. Those plans failed yet would leave us with a kaleidoscope of historical events that would eventually shape the American West.