While many closely track contemporary elections, we seldom reflect on elections of the past. Pre-1990. This class will look at the founders debates and ideas that led to Article II of the constitution, "The Executive," or the office of the president. Discussion will also address the personalities and challenges that were met successfully and in some cases not so successfully by Presidents including their impact on the nation, the world, and their legacies. The class will discuss notable and contentious elections. The final two sessions will be "When Presidents Lie" and "Elections That Were Especially Consequential." As time passes, Presidents have been rated and frequently these ratings change. Efforts will be made to explain these changes. Most students will be surprised to find that there is little in Presidential politics that is new and yet there is much that might surprise them. THIS IS NOT A CURRENT EVENTS CLASS!